Jacklin Stella Salome Manoppo


The research purposed was compared of two extracts as molluscicidal activities from root of Derris elliptica Wallich. and Pangium edule Reinw seed, that assessed to 3-month old snails Pomacea canaliculata L. The Golden apple snails is widely regarded as worst invasive pest species in the rice growing area. It normally destroys the young stems and leaves paddy and could consume 7 – 24 rice seedlings per day. The experiment research started with the mortality test of the golden apple snail, meanwhile hexane extract fraction and etanol extract fraction have completely jumble mode; using the lethal concentration (LC) have mean to describe short term potency of poisonous (toxicity) from materials and can gave little effect or impact for environment; processing phytochemical test from n-hexane extract and etanol extract of root D.elliptica and P.edule showed positive to contain tanin, saponin and fenol. The data of LC50 from n-hexane fraction measure with probit analyze (9,905 mg L-1) by D.elliptica L. with high toxic category, and n-hexane fraction (11,574 mg L-1) by P.edule Reinw. with toxic category are more effective for golden apple snail control. The golden apple snail mortality was highest using 5000 ppm n-hexane fraction showed 93,3% from D.elliptica and using 5000 ppm n-hexane fraction from P.edule showed 63,3%. In conclusion, both of extracts from D.elliptica roots and P.edule seeds was showed potency as botanical mollusicicides and it can be apply in the field



Botanical molluscicides; Derris elliptica Pangium edule; Phytochemical screening; Pomacea canaliculata

Full Text:



Arunlertaree, C., Meeposom,V., Navanugraha, V. & Hutracharoen, V. (2012). The Utilization of Cashew Nut Shell Crude Extract for Golden Apple-Snail (Pomacea canaliculata) Control. Science Journal, Faculty of Environment And Resource studies, Mahidol University Thailand.

Joshi, R.C. (2005). Managing Invasive Alien Mollusc Species in Rice. Department of Agriculture-Phillipines Rice Research Institute (DA-PhilRice), Maligaya, Science City of Munoz, Nueva Ecija 3110, Phillipines.

Kertoseputro,D., Kurniawati,V., Suharto, V., & Hidayat, W. (2007) Bahan Nabati Yang Dapat Digunakan Sebagai Moluskisida Pada Keong Mas ,(Pomacea canaliculata L). Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi dan Pusat Penelitian Teh & Kina,Gambung. Apresiasi Hasil Penelitian Padi.

Manoppo, J. S. S. (2003). Effect of Tuba Plant Extract (Derris elliptica Wallich.) As Botanical Molluscicides To Increase Mortality of Golden Apple-Snails. Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Manado State University. Unpublish Skripsi.

Manoppo, J. S. S. (2015). Effectiveness of Pangi (Pangium edule Reinw.) Seed Extract To Increase Mortality Of Golden Apple Snails (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck). Journal Science, Mathematics and Education, 3 (4), 33-42.

Musman, M. (2010). Toxicity of Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Kemel Extract on Pomacea canaliculata (Ampullariidae). Tropical Life Science Resarch, 21(2), 41-50.

Sakul,E.H., Manoppo, J.S.S., Taroreh, D., Gerungan, R.I.F., & Gugule., S. (2012). Control Of Beetle Pest Logong (Sitophylus oryzae L.) Utilized Pangi (Pangium edule Reinw.) Seed Extract. Eugenia Agricultural Journal, 18(3), 186-196.

Soenaryo,E., Panuju, P., & Syam, M. (1989). Golden Apple-Snails : A beautiful snail that causes big problem and disaster for the land farming of paddy. Research and Development Agricultural Journal. Ministry Department of Agricultural.

Suharto, H., & Kurniawati, N. (2005). Rerak and Saponin Toxicity Against Golden Apple-Snails (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck). Agrikultura Journal 16(2). Faculty of Agricultural, Padjajaran University, Jatinangor Bandung.

Wijayakusuma, H., Dalimartha, S., & Wirian, A.S. (1992). Botanical Medicine Plant In Indonesia. Pustaka Kartini. Jakarta.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jacklin Stella Salome Manoppo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.