Variation of the Amount of Seeds per Planting Hole to the Response of Lettuce Plant with DFT Hydroponic System

Akhmad Zaki(1*), Akhmad Gazali(2), Nukhak Nufita Sari(3),

(1) Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
(2) Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
(3) Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Lettuce is a vegetable plant whose needs always increase every year according to population growth. Therefore, it is necessary to make efforts to increase the production of lettuce by increasing the number of seeds per planting hole using the DFT hydroponic system. This study aims to determine the effect of the number of seeds per planting hole on the growth and yield of lettuce plants and to determine the number of seeds per planting hole that produces the highest growth and yield of lettuce plants. Implementation This research was conducted from August to September 2021. Located in the Community Food Barn, the Department of Food Security and Fisheries, Banjar Regency. The method used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) with treatment S1 (control), S2 (2 seeds per planting hole), S3 (3 seeds per planting hole), and S4 (4 seeds per planting hole). The treatment was repeated 4 times to get 16 experimental unit Based on the results of the research, it can be seen that the number of seeds per planting hole has an effect on the growth and yield of lettuce. The best treatment was found in S4 which had the highest value at an average plant height of 36.25 cm, an increase in plant height at 28 DAP of 11.61 cm, an average number of leaves of 22.06 strands, and an average yield harvest of 153.75 grams. DFT hydroponic cultivation of lettuce resulted in optimal production of 4 seeds per planting hole. Useful research for the efficiency of lettuce production using hydroponics. In addition to production efficiency, it is necessary to consider plant competition to utilize existing resources for optimal growth


Keywords


DFT hydroponic system; lettuce; number of seeds per planting hole

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asyiah, S. (2013). A Study of the Use of Water and Nutrients in Hydroponic DFT System (Drip Flow Technique) on the Growth and Yield of Baby Kailan (Brassica oleraceae var alboglabra). Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta.

Central Bureau of Statistics. (2018). Statistics of Seasonal Vegetables and Fruits in Indonesia 2017.

The Central Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta.

Cahyono, B. (2019). Cultivation Techniques and Business Analysis of Lettuce Farming. Various Knowledge CV. Semarang.

Chadirin. (2007). Training on Hydroponic Technology Applications for Urban Agribusiness Development. Bogor Agricultural Institute Research Institute. Bogor.

Gopal, B. & N. Bhardwaj. (1979). Elements of Ecology. Departement of Botany. Rajasthan University Jaipur, India.

Fitmawati, Isnaini, Siti FN, Sofiyanti, & Rodesia MR. (2018). Application of Deep Flow Technique System Hydroponic Technology as an Effort to Increase Farmers' Income in Sungai Bawang Village. Riau Journal of Empowerment. 1(1), 23-29.

Junia & Sarido, L. (2017). Growth and Yield Test of Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L.) Plants with Liquid Organic Fertilizer in a Hydroponic System. Agrifor, 16(1), 65-74.

Mansyur, AN, S. Triyono, & A. Tusi. (2014). The Effect of Shade on the Growth of Mustard Greens (Brassica juncea L.) in a DFT Hydroponic System (Deep Flow Technique). Journal of Agricultural Engineering Lampung, 3(2), 103-110.

Pratama, GY. (2019). The Effect of Number of Plants per Planting Hole and Spacing on Growth and Yield of Siomak (Lactuca Sativa L.) Plants in the Hydroponic Method of the DFT System (Deep Flow Technique). STIPER Dharma Wacana Metro, 1(1), 1-16.

Trubus Editor. (2019). Hydroponic Cultivation Seedling Techniques. Swadaya Trubus. Jakarta.

Rukmana, R. & Yudirachman, H. (2016). Business and Cultivation of Baby Vegetables. Scholar feel. Bandung.

Samadi, B. (2014). Secrets of Organic and Inorganic Lettuce Cultivation. Mina's library. Jakarta. Sanyoto, Umar, UF, & Akhmadi, YN 2018. Good at Hydroponic Planting for Beginners. AgroMedia Library. Jakarta.

Stagnari, F., Galieni, A., & Pisante, M. (2015). Shading and Nitrogen Management Affect Quality, Safety and Yield of Greenhouse-Grown Leaf Lettuce. Scientia Horticulturae , 192, 70–79.

Susilowati, YE. (2011). Effect of Planting Distance and Number of Seeds per Planting Hole on Baby Corn Yield. Innovation Journal. LPPM Tidar University Magelang, 36(2), 52-63.

Sutanto, R. (2002). Application of Organic Agriculture. Canisius. Yogyakarta.

Syamsul, Ida. (2014). Land Use Using a Hydroponic System. Faculty of Agriculture. Journal of the University of Tulungagung Bonorowo.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31327/atj.v7i1.1740

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 40 times
PDF - 16 times

Refbacks



Copyright (c) 2022 2022 Agrotech Journal all rights reserved

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Agrotech Journal  Jl. Pemuda, No. 339 Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia - 93517 ONLINE ISSN: 2548-5148  PRINT ISSN: 2548-5121 Mobile: +62811402721 WA: +628111072907  E-mail: editor.atj@usnsj.com or agrotechjournal@gmail.com


Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka, USN Scientific Journal Publisher (Hardcopy Provider)
 Jl. Pemuda, No. 339 Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia - 93517 E-mail: info@usnsj.com

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Agrotech Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------