THE EFFECT OF NATURAL GUANO ORGANIC FERTILIZER ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SPRING ONION (ALLIUM FISTULOSUM L.)

Musadia Afa

Abstract


A field experiment was aimed at investigating the effect of natural guano organic fertilizers on growth and yield of Spring Onion (Allium fistulosum L.). The experiment was conducted from September to Nopember, 2014 in Unamendaa Village, Kolaka District. It was prepared by using a randomized block design  (RBD) with single factor namely doses of natural guano organic fertilizers. The treatments consisted of 4 levels were : (1) G0 = control or no treatment, (2) G1 = dose of 6 kg unit-1 (equivalent to 5 t. ha-1), (3) G2 = dose of 12 kg unit-1 (equivalent to 10 t. ha-1) and (4) G3 = dose of 18 kg unit-1 (equivalent to 15 t. ha-1), respectively. Every treatment was replicated 3 times, therefore overall there were 12 experimental units. Data was collected on growth and yield parameters of Spring Onion : (1) plant height, (2) number of leaves, (3) number of tillers, (4) diameters of stem and (5) yield (plant fresh weight unit-1). Data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (Anova) and followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the 1 % level. The result of experiments showed that fertilizations using natural guano organic was significantly affected on : plant height, number of leaves, number of tillers, diameter of stem and plant fresh weight, respectively. Untill fertilization of 18 kg unit-1 (G3) were able to increased the growth and yield of Spring Onion, hence it was showed better performance on all parameters

Keywords


allium fistulosum, fertilizer, guano, natural, organic, spring onion

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adiningsih. (2005). Pedoman Bertanam Bawang. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Amrizal, A. (2012). Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Guano dan Tithonia (Tithonia diversifolia) Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccharata Strurt.). Padang: Faculty of Agriculture, Andalas University.

Djuarnani, N., Kristian & Setiawan. (2005). Cara Cepat Membuat Kompos. Jakarta: Agromedia.

Harahap, D., A. Jamil & K.E., Ramija. (2003). Pemanfaatan Pupuk Guano Alam untuk Tanaman Kentang di Dataran Medium Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Medan. www.nad.litbang.deptan.go.id. Dowloaded on Nopember 2016.

Hardjowigeno, S. (2003).Ilmu Tanah. Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo.

Jamil, A., L.R., Widowati, & W., Hartatik. (2014). Kesuburan Tanah Manajemen dan Inovasi untuk Mendukung Pertanian Organik. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pertanian Organik. Bogor, 18-19 Juni 2014.

Lakitan, B. (2000). Dasar-Dasar Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Jakarta: PT Radja Grafindo Persada.

Laude, S., & Y., Tambing. (2010). Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Bawang Daun (Allium fistulosum L.) pada Berbagai Dosis Pupuk Kandang Ayam. Jurnal Agroland, 17(2) : 144-148.

Lingga, P. & Marsono. (2003). Petunjuk dan Penggunaan Pupuk. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Narkhede, S.D., S.B., Attarde & S.T., Ingle. (2011). Study on Effect of Chemical Fertilizers and Vermicompos on Growth of Chili Pipper Plant (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation, Vol. 6 (3) : 327-332.

Nazari, A.P.D. (2010). Respons Tanaman Bawang Daun dari Berbagai Dosis dan Waktu Pemberian Ampas Teh yang Telah Difermentasi dengan EM-4. Jurnal Zira’ah, Vol. 27 (1) : 1-8.

Rahmadi, C. (2004). Koleksi dan Pengenalan Biota Goa : Arthropoda Goa. www.cavernicoles.files.worldpress.com. Downloaded on July 2015.

Reijntjes,C., B., Haverkort & A., Water-Bayer. (1999). The Future of Farming. Introduction to Low External Input Agriculture Sustainable Agriculture, ILEIA. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Satari. (1987). Budidaya Bawang. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Sediyarso, M. (1999). Fosfat Alam Sebagai Bahan Baku dan Pupuk Fosfat. Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat. Bogor

Setiamidjaya, D. (1999). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Tanah.Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.

Sintia, M. (2010). Pupuk Organik dari Guano Alam. http://guanophosphat.blogspot.com. Downloaded on November 2016.

Subhan, A. Hidayat & N., Gunadi. (1998). Penggunaan Pupuk Nitrogen dan Pupuk Kandang Ayam pada Tanaman Cabai di Lahan Kering. J. Hort, 8 (3), 1178-1183.

Sunaryono, H. (1996). Kunci Bercocok Tanam Sayur-Sayuran Penting di Indonesia. Seri Produksi Hortikultura II. Bandung: PT Sinar Baru Algasindo.

Sutarya R., & G., Grubben. (1995). Pedoman Bertanam Sayuran Dataran Rendah. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press Cooperating with Indonesia Procea and Horticultural Research Lembang.

Suwandi, G.A., Sopha & Yufdy. (2015). Efektivitas Pengelolaan Pupuk Organik, Pupuk NPK dan Pupuk Hayati Terhadap Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Bawang Merah. Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran, Lembang. Bandung.

Wiyatna, M.F. (2002). Potensi Indonesia Sebagai Penghasil Guano Fosfat Kelelawar. http://tumoutou.net. Downloaded on November 2016.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Musadia Afa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.