Citra Prasiska Puspita Tohamba


The objective of the study is to investigate the improvement of students’ reading achievement by applying one of cooperative learning techniques namely STAD technique at class XI IA 1 of SMAN 7 Kendari. The target of this study is 70% of total students at class XI IA 1 who are expected to get 65 (based on standard of minimum score of the school). The design of this study is a Classroom Action Research (CAR) that involves four stages, namely: 1) planning, 2) action, 3) observation, 4) reflection. This study is conducted in two cycles because the target has been achieved successfully in which each cycle consists of three meetings. The research data are collected by 1) test, 2) observation sheets, and 3) field note. Based on the data in pre-observation, there were problems in students reading achievement 1) students could not find out specific information of narrative text, 2) they found difficulty to identify main idea of the text, 3) they could not determine the generic structure of narrative text correctly, (4) they did not know the meaning of the text well because they sometimes found unfamiliar words. The result of this study shows that STAD technique as cooperative learning model can improve the students’ reading achievement at class XI IA 1 of SMA Negeri 7 Kendari in academic year 2010/2011. It is reflected from the improvement of students’ score of reading test in every cycle, in which, at the first cycle, the total number of students who can get the score of ≥ 65 is 18 students or 56.3% of 32 students, with the mean score is 62.2. Moreover, after conducting the first cycle, two problems that identified in the preliminary research can be treated well in which students can find detail information from reading text and they can determine the generic structure of the narrative text. Nevertheless, the target of students’ reading achievement has not achieved yet and there are some problems that have not been treated well. Thus, this study is continued to the second cycle, where in the second cycle, the weaknesses and constraints in the first cycle are solved effectively. It can be indicated by the students’ reading improvement, in which students can get main idea of the reading text and they know how to guess the unfamiliar word. Besides, students help each other, interact, discuss with the teacher and their classmates, contribute scores for teams, give respect to others, and become independent and good students. Therefore, in the end of the second cycle, the target achievement of this study is achieved, where there are 84.4 % or 27 students of 32 students at class XI IA 1 get the score ≥ 65.  In brief, STAD technique is an effective technique that can improve students’ reading achievement at class XI IA 1 of SMA Negeri 7 Kendari.


students’ reading achievement; STAD technique; classroom action research

Full Text:



Bond, G.L. (1984). Reading Difficulties, Their Diagnosis and Correction. New Jersey: Practice Hall, Inc.

Harmer, J. (1998). The Practice of English Teaching. London: Longman.

Hedge, T. (2003). Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom. UK: OUP. Retrieved from http://-Teaching-Reading-Comprehension-to-ESL-EFL-Learners

Huda, N. (1997). Language Learning and Teaching, Issues and Trend. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.

Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T., & Holubec, E.J. (1993). Cooperation in the Classroom (6th edition). Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.

Kagan, S. (1997). Cooperative Learning. San Juan Capistrano: Kagan Cooperative Learning (KCL).

Kurniawati. (2004). A Correlation Study of Vocabulary Mastery and Reading Comprehension of the Second Year Students at SMU Negeri 3 Bau-Bau. FKIP UNHALU: Unpublished Thesis.

Leipzig, D.H. (2001). What is Reading? WETA. Retrieved from

Myles, J. (2002). English as Foreign Language Reading (Research Journal). Retrieved from

Sharan, S. (1994). Handbook of Cooperative Learning Methods. London: Greenwood Press.

Slavin, R.E. (1995). Cooperative Learning: Theory, Research and Practice (2nd Edition). Massachusatts: Allyn and Bacon publisher.

Tompkins, G.E. & Hoskisson, K. (1991). Language ArtContents and Teaching Strategies. NewYork: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Ur, P. (1996). A Course in Language Teaching. UK: Cambridge University Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Citra Prasiska Puspita Tohamba

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ONLINE ISSN: 2502-6909

PRINT ISSN: 2502-9207

Journal of English Education (JEE) is indexed at Google Scholar, PKP Index,  AcademicKeys, & Indonesian Publication Index (IPI - Portal Garuda).


shopify traffic stats View My Stats