Chris Ajibade Adetuyi(1*),

(1) Samuel Adegboyega University, Ogwa, Edo State
(*) Corresponding Author


The general English studies was introduced as a compulsory course for sandwich learners of colleges of education with a view to allowing them attain proficiency in English. Despite the measure, it seems attainment of proficiency is a mirage. Unattainment of English proficiency in sandwich program has been ascribed to less satisfactory teaching skill embracing language competence and pedagogy. However, there has been a dearth of studies on the teaching method of facilitators of the course. This paper therefore, has a focus on the relevance of bilingualism, in English Language development in the sandwich centers. Pretest and posttest control group as quasi-experimental design with 3X2X2 factorial matrix was adopted for the study. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance and multiple classification analysis. Bilingual method of teaching was ascertained as having an upper hand over Direct and conventional method with a mean score of 67.54. Bilingualism therefore proved relevant to the teaching of General English Studies to the Adult learners. The paper concludes that facilitators should recognize the learners' mother tongue in the learning of English. This would stimulate learners' interest, accelerate their understanding, and ensure effective class-contact needed in adult education teaching-learning process.


bilingualism; sandwich; adult learners; proficiency; communication

Full Text:



Adeniran, A. (2005). Nigeria as Babel. The Paradox of a Sociolinguistic Blessing. Inaugural Lecture. Department of Linguistics and African Languages, University of Ibadan: University of Ibadan press.

Adetuyi, C. A. (2010). Effectiveness of Direct and Bilingual Instructional Method on learner’s achievement in the use of English in selected sandwich centres in Southwestern Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. University of Ibadan

Adetuyi, C. A. (2012). Functional Literacy as Agent of Effective Change in Nigeria After the Golden Jubilee. African Journal of Educational Research and Development, 5(3), 100-106.

Akinleye, J. O. (1988). A Comparative Study of the Cost-Effectiveness of Instructional Television and Conventional Classroom Instruction in Non-Formal Education. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. University of Ibadan.

Banjo, A. (1993). “Linguistics and Reading” In Unoh, S.O. et al (eds). Literacy and Reading in Nigeria. I. Zaria. ABU

Elugbe, B. (1990). National Language and National Development’ In Emananjo, E.N. Multilingualism, Minoriy Language and Language Policy in Nigeria. Agbori Central Books Ltd.

Hammers, J. F. & Blanc, H. A. (2000). Bilinguality and bilingualism (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Iyagba, B. (1992). Reading-Writing and Discussion Strategies as Determinants of Secondary School Students’ Achievement and Attitude in English Composition Writing Skills. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. University of Ibadan.

Jegede, J. O. (1989). “Effects of Achievement Motivation and Study Habits on English Language Performance of Secondary School Students”. Unpublished Ph.D Research Proposal. University of Ilorin.

Kolawole, C. O. O. (1998). Linguistics Inputs and Three Methods of Presentation as Determinants of Students’ Achievement in Senior Secondary School Essay Writing in Ibadan. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. University of Ibadan

National Commission for Colleges of Education (1993) Annual Report. NCCE, January-December

Obemeata, J. O. (1980). Pupils' perspective of the purpose of economics education in Nigerian secondary grammar schools. West African Journal of Education, 21(2), 113-121.

Ogunsiji, A. (2001). “Utilitarian Dimensions of Language in Nigeria” In Igboanusi, H. (ed) Language Attitude and Language Conflict in West Africa. Ibadan. Enicrownfit Publishers

Okediran, A. (1988) An Experimental Study of Different Approaches to Teaching Reading to Adult Learners. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis. University of Ibadan.

Onukaogu, C. E. (1994) “Teacher Effectiveness as a factor in the Use of English Programme in a Nigerian University”. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis.

Widdowson, H. G. (2000). ‘English’ In M. Byram: Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning. London Routledge.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 481 times
PDF - 203 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Chris Ajibade Adetuyi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.