Structural Analysis of Katoba Ritual Text Speech in Muna Communities

S. Sarmadan(1*), Siti Gomo Attas(2),

(1) Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka
(2) Universitas Negeri Jakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The katoba ritual as a form of oral tradition from the Muna tribe is an integral part of the culture of the supporting community.  The purpose of this study is to describe the structure of the ritual text speech of the Muna communities.  The structure of the ritual speech utterances in this study is called the pogau toba text (PTT). This study uses a qualitative method with a Van Dijk structural approach that focuses on three frameworks of text structure, namely macro structure, superstructure, and microstructure. The results showed that 1) the macro structure, which is the overall meaning, global meaning, or general meaning of the PTT. The macro structure found in the PTT is the inauguration of a child as a Muslim. This is reflected in the pronunciation of the two words of the shahada of Asyhadu Allah ilaha Ilallah wa ashadu anna Muhammadar Rasulullah which marks a person's Islamic status; 2) superstructure, namely the four main flow structure of PTT in the context of the katoba ritual, namely opening “pembukaan”, toba conditions “syarat-syarat toba, core of toba “inti toba”, and the closing “penutup”;  and 3) microstructure, which is limited to the style of the PTT language, namely diction or choice of words in the katoba ritual emphasizing religious and moral elements that are concrete through the use of polite and gentle language, found also a parallelism in grammatical structure, and expressions metaphorical expressions that take the symbols of flora and fauna or other natural objects are presented to convey an idea, concept, or specific purpose.

Keywords


traditional ceremonies, oral traditions, pogau toba, katoba, Muna community

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azhar, A. (1985). Upah-Upah, Upacara Tradisional Orang Tambusai. Pekan Baru: Depdikbud.

Bronner, J.S. (2007). The Meaning of Folklore: The Analytical Essays of Alan Dundes. Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press.

Halliday, M. A. & Hasan, R. (1985). Bahasa, Konteks, dan Teks: Aspek-Aspek bahasa dalam Pandangan Semiotik Sosial. Terjemahan oleh Asruddin Barori Tou. 1992. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Koentjaraningrat. (1985). Kebudayaan, Mentalitas, dan Pembangunan. Jakarta: Gramedia.

La Niampe. (2008). Tuturan tentang Katoba dalam Tradisi Lisan Muna. Deskripsi Nilai dan Fungsi (Makalah: Disajikan dalam Seminar Internasional Lisan VI Wakatobi). Kendari: Universitas Haluoleo.

La Tanampe. (2011). Katoba Kajian Nilai-Nilai Budaya dan Pembentukan Karakter Anak pada Suku Muna. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Kendari: FKIP Universitas Haluoleo.

Pradopo, Rachmat Djoko. 2010. Pengkajian Puisi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Sarmadan. (2011). Makna Tuturan dalam Upacara Adat Katoba pada Masyarakat Muna. Skripsi tidak diterbitkan. Kendari: FKIP Universitas Haluoleo.

Sibarani, R. (2012). Kearifan Lokal: Hakikat, Peran, dan Metode Tradisi Lisan. Jakarta: Asosiasi Tradisi Lisan.

Sims, M.C. & Stephens, M. (2005). Living Folklore: An Introduction to the Study of People and Their Traditions. Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press.

Siswantoro. (2010). Metode Penelitian Sastra Analisis Struktur Puisi. Surakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31327/jilel.v4i2.1132

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 477 times
PDF - 248 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 S. Sarmadan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Journal of Indonesian Language Education and Literary (JILEL) Jl. Pemuda, No. 339 Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia - 93517 ONLINE ISSN: 2548-222X PRINT ISSN: 2548-7418 Mobile: +6281241248541 (WA) Telp.: +62405-2325140 E-mail: editor.jilel@usnsj.com / sarmadan.usnkolaka@gmail.com


Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka, USN Scientific Journal Publisher (Hardcopy Provider)
Jl. Pemuda, No. 339 Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia - 93517 E-mail: info@usnsj.com


Journal of Indonesian Language Education and Literary (JILEL) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.